01 June 2021 11:52

Alanya was established on a small peninsula with the "Taurus Mountains" in the north and the "Mediterranean Sea" in the South.

It was sometimes called "Pamphylia" and sometimes "Cilicia" because it was located on the line between Pamphylia and Cilicia in "Ancient times."
It is not known exactly when the settlement started in the region.

Alanya, which was called "Coracesium" in the ancient period, was named "Colonaros" in the "Byzantine period." The first to mention the name of Coracesium is Scylax, one of the ancient geographers of the 4th century BC.

During this period, the region was under the rule of the Persians, who invaded a significant part of Anatolia.

Later, the famous ancient writer "Strabon, Piri Reis, Seyyah, İbn-i Batuta" and "Evliya Çelebi" were travelers who visited the region and mentioned the city in their works.

There is not much information about the first ages of the region and the Byzantine period.

During the Arab raids in the 7th century AD, city defense gained more importance, and castle constructions were given priority to protect against raids.

For this reason, there are many castles and churches in and around Alanya.

After the "Anatolian Seljuk Sultan Alaeddin Keykubat" (1200-1237) took the castle in the 13th century, he gave the city the name "Alaiye."

One of the Anatolian Seljuk Sultan, Alaaddin Keykubat I, defeated Kyr Vart, who was one of the Christian dynasties and ruled in the Alanya castle, in 1221 and captured the castle.

The ruler had a palace built here in his name. In addition to the capital Konya, the Seljuks used Alanya as a second capital and winter center and carried out development activities.

The Mongol attacks in 1243, the Egyptian Mamluks entering Anatolia in 1277, the Seljuks were worn out, the Seljuk State was disintegrated in 1300 and the region was sold by the Karamanoğulları to the Mamluk Sultan for five thousand gold, and then in 1471, during the reign of Fatih Sultan Mehmet, it was taken into the borders of the Ottoman State.

The name Alanya was given by "Atatürk" who visited the region in 1935.